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Collaborative Forest Management in Nepal's Terai: Policy, Practice and Contestation

Bampton, James F.R. , Ebregt, Arthur , Banjade, Mani Ram

Collaborative Forest Management in Nepal's Terai: Policy, Practice and Contestation

In the context of weak management focus of valuable large tracts of forest in the Terai, the Government of Nepal introduced collaborative forest management (CFM) as the newest modality of forest management in the country. The CFM model focuses on large contiguous blocks of productive forests in the Terai and Inner Terai. This paper analyses how and why CFM evolved as a policy for Nepal’s Terai forests, progress and issues to date, and the impact so far. The model is being piloted in three central Terai districts by the Department of Forest through a donor-supported programme. The paper also explores contested claims about the CFM model made by civil society groups. It concludes that, despite addressing the genuine need for a multi-stakeholder forestry programme in the Terai, CFM continues to suffer from limited participation of stakeholders in defining and implementing the policy. This article describes some of the challenges of communtiy forestry in the Terai where it has not achieved much success. It addresses some of the differences in user group composition and size hider their ability to create equitable community plans. It also addresses the issues of Power that are constraining community forestry because of the high opportunity cost of allowing community forestry in the region.

Kelly Gibbons
Jan 11, 2013 12:00 AM
Journal of Forest and Livelihood
Journal article
 
Asia
Nepal
Biodiversity
Forest
NTFPs
Timber
Biodiversity
Forest Carbon
Improved information and knowledge management systems - [Critical]
Promoted local land use planning and appropriate resource tenure systems - [Critical]
Fostered innovation, social learning, and adaptive management - [Critical]
Built capacity and invested in human resources - [Critical]
Promoted cost effective technical advisory and intermediary services - [Critical]
Promoted or developed economic strategies for natural resource management - [Critical]
Strengthened markets and NRM market incentives - [Critical]
Invested in local organizations - [Critical]
Created a framework for better NRM choices - [Critical]
Assured that resource managers have access to NRM means and benefits - [Critical]
Proportional equivalence between benefits and costs - [Critical]
Procedural rights for all people, especially vulnerable or marginalized groups - [Critical]
Local stakeholder input into public decisions and policy - [Critical]
Natural resource authority and functions distribution - [Critical]
Continuous and inclusive consultations - [Critical]
Participatory Planning
Information/knowledge management technology
Land use planning
Land tenure securitization
Tree tenure rights
Resource user groups
Devolution to local governments
Devolution to communities
Participatory processes for social change
Environmental/productivity - [Yes]
Economic/income generation - [Yes]
Governance/empowerment - [Yes]
Environmental/productivity - [Yes]
Economic/income generation - [Yes]
Governance/empowerment - [Yes]
Environmental/productivity - [Yes]
Economic/income generation - [Yes]
Governance/empowerment - [Yes]
Resources - [External or structural policies that influenced success or failure]
Economic - [External or structural policies that influenced success or failure]
Governance - [External or structural policies that influenced success or failure]
Lessons learned (Success Story)
Lessons learned (Cautionary Tale)
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