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by Rose Hessmiller last modified Jan 10, 2013 08:45 AM
File A Deadly Shade of Green Threats to Environmental Human Rights Defenders in Latin America by Christin VanZant — last modified Nov 14, 2016 12:20 AM
This report illustrates the severe human rights violations in Latin America against environmental defenders, who engage in lawful activities that bring to light environmental damage and human rights abuses. Though not exhaustive, this report provides an overview of recent incidents throughout Latin America. The incidents cited cover a range of human rights violations, including violent attacks, torture, disappearances, and killings.
File Legal Frameworks for REDD - Design and Implementation at the National Level (IUCN Environmental Policy and Law Paper No. 77) by LiLing Choo — last modified Feb 20, 2013 01:35 AM
Supplementary material for Forest Trend's Payments for Ecosystem Services Training Modules and Resources. Paper written by John Costenbader (Ed.), International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). This paper provides a detailed overview of regulatory design and implementation options specifically for a non-lawyer audience. This paper is based on the findings from four case studies (Brazil, Cameroon, Guyana and Papua New Guinea), each representing varying geographies, forest cover and deforestation rates and stages of REDD preparation. The study questions whether legal clarity is an essential component for successful national REDD programs.
File REDD+ Social Safeguards and Standards Review by Catherine Mackenzie — last modified Sep 28, 2015 11:43 AM
The FCMC Safeguards Review was prepared to assist implementers and policymakers understand and compare different approaches to social safeguards and standards for REDD+. The paper reviews safeguards and standard systems of multilateral and bilateral approaches, as well as nongovernmental and other REDD+ initiatives against criteria for how these safeguards and standards address different social issues pertinent to REDD+. It includes a helpful summary of key findings and recommendations.
File MRV_Manual_Chapter7.pdf by Joseph Badash — last modified Apr 20, 2015 12:39 PM
File WWF Living Forests Report: Chapter 5 by Christin VanZant — last modified Jan 05, 2017 05:57 PM
The Living Forests Report series has explained the reasons for and implications of an ambitious forest conservation target: Zero Net Deforestation and Forest Degradation (ZNDD) by 2020.
File CLIMATE BENEFITS, TENURE COSTS by Christin VanZant — last modified Oct 21, 2016 03:48 PM
The Economic Case For Securing Indigenous Land Rights in the Amazon
File TransLinks: Promoting Transformations by linking Nature, Wealth and Power - Final Technical Report by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jul 30, 2014 06:53 PM
The TransLinks program (2006-2012) - a major initiative of the United States Agency for International Development, Office of Land Tenure and Resource Management within the Bureau of Economic Growth, Education and Environment. Over the last 5.5-years, the Wildlife Conservation Society with its partners, Forest Trends, Enterprise Works/VITA (a division of Relief International), the Nelson Institute/Land Tenure Center at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, and the Earth Institute/Center for Environmental Research and Conservation at Columbia University, identified, developed, and disseminated lessons, best practices, and tools from projects that promote the integration of nature, wealth and power around the world. Featured October, 2013.
South America Environment, Science &Technology, and Health Newsletter Edition 85 by webadmin — last modified Jan 10, 2013 11:52 AM
Agriculture: Brazil’s Lula Gives Agribusiness the Green Light, Environmentalists Protest; Argentina: Residents Say "Stop the Spraying!"; Argentine Biodiesel Might Fuel Monoculture, Too; Water Issues: Indian Activists Shut Down Peruvian-Amazon Oil Sites; Wildlife: Colombia: Protecting Bats Can Be Profitable; Endorsement by Chile and Suriname to the Migratory Species GEF Proposal; Strengthening Regional Management for the Sustainable Use of Amazonian Biodiversity; Venezuela: Flamingos Enjoy Good Health; Fishing & Marine Conservation: Chile to Protect Oceans through Ecotourism; Brazil: Growing Freshwater Pearls; Protected Areas: Goldman Sachs Wins Award for Chile Nature Reserve; Brazil Forbids GM Crops in Indigenous and Protected Areas; Pollution: Chile: Air Pollution Online; Brazil: Mega-Cities Far From Meeting Air Quality Standards; Climate Change: This Year’s Ozone Hole is a Record Breaker; UN Plan Aims to Share Carbon Projects More Fairly; Energy: Brazil Opens First Ethanol-Biodiesel Plant; Brazil Prepares for Biodiesel, but Plans for Family Production Begin to Fail; Argentina: Designing Eco-Friendly Heaters; Venezuela, Brazil Meet on Energy; Brazil Environment Minister Opposes Building of Nuclear Plant; Infinity Bio-Energy to Invest US$75 Million in Brazil Biodiesel; General: In Colombia, Minister Suspends Port Project; Brazilian NGOs Call Government Agencies for TFCA Talk; Bolivia: Protection for Isolated Peoples; Brazil: Measuring the Impact of Lightning;
File CB-NRM, market and the state in SE Asia by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 10, 2013 11:10 AM
In the struggle to secure resource rights for rural populations who gain their livelihoods from state-claimed lands, advocacy agendas highlight community interest in, and capacity for, sustainable resource management. In the uplands of Southeast Asia, the strategic simplifications of community-based natural resource management (CBNRM) advocacy are being translated into legal frameworks and program initiatives which make rights conditional upon particular forms of social organization and livelihood, as well as conservation outcomes. When set in the context of agricultural intensification among both indigenous and migrant populations, and the desire of many upland dwellers to claim the benefits of a fuller citizenship, CBNRM offers a problematic basis for justice. 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
File Colombia REDD+ Finance and Markets Assessment by Leslie Durschinger; Chris Fowle — last modified Apr 23, 2015 10:46 AM
In Colombia, there is a strong commitment at both the national and local levels to develop REDD+ activities. This report assesses and provides advice on Colombia’s preparedness for attracting private finance and participation in pay-for-performance and market-based mechanisms for REDD+. The report is also available in Spanish.
File FOREST PEOPLES: Numbers across the world by Joseph Badash — last modified Jan 10, 2013 11:07 AM
By providing estimated figures for indigenous and forest peoples' populations in countries and regions across the globe, this new Forest Peoples Programme report seeks to raise awareness of the existence of peoples who primarily depend on forests for their livelihoods, and to enhance their visibility as key actors and rights-holders in the management and use of forests and forest resources. These figures may serve as a useful reference in advocacy for the recognition of forest peoples' legal and human rights.
File Reinventing a Square Wheel by Carmen Tedesco — last modified Jan 10, 2013 11:40 AM
This article presents a critical review of recent writings that argue that peopleoriented approaches to conservation have largely failed to achieve their main goals - the protection of biological diversity. Based on an analysis of this problem, authors of these works conclude that biodiversity conservation initiatives should place renewed emphasis on authoritarian protection of national parks and other protected areas to safeguard critically threatened habitats worldwide. We examine are core themes in these writings. We conclude that, while many of their findings regarding shortcomings of current people-oriented approaches are well grounded, the overall arguments are incomplete because they largely ignore key aspects of social and political processes that shape how conservation interventions happen in specific contexts. As a result, recommendations linked to the renewed protectionist argument most likely will not provide long-term protection of biodiversity.
File Etude des sauvegardes et normés sociales REDD+ by Catherine Mackenzie — last modified Apr 23, 2015 10:17 AM
Le FCMC sauvegardes avis a été préparé pour aider les exécutants et les décideurs à comprendre et à comparer différentes approches de garanties sociales et des normes pour la REDD +. Le document passe en revue les garanties et les systèmes standard d'approches multilatérales et bilatérales, ainsi que non gouvernementales et d'autres initiatives REDD + par rapport aux critères de la façon dont ces garanties et de normes s'adressent à différents problèmes sociaux pertinents à la REDD +.
File Biodiversity and Tropical Forest Conservation, Protection and Management in Guyana by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 11, 2013 03:23 PM
LAC - 118/119 Report - The following report, “Biodiversity and Tropical Forest Conservation, Protection and Management in Guyana” is an environmental analyses prepared for the purpose of assisting in the development of the USAID/Guyana Mission’s new 2004-2008 Country Strategy (as required by Sections 118(e) and 119(d) of the Foreign Assistance Act). The goal of the analysis was to identify the threats to the conservation of Guyana’s tropical forests and biological diversity, and to examine the extent to which the proposed Mission strategy and activities address the threats.
File Responsible Mining: The Key to Profitable Resource Development by Michael Colby — last modified Jan 10, 2013 11:52 AM
Better mining corporations want to adopt “Responsible Mining”. This paper outlines the essentials of responsible mining and offers a guide to corporations who want become responsible. Eight principles are discussed: (1) Social and environmental assessment, (2) Transparency, (3) Acceptance by stakeholders, (4) Food production trumps questionable mining, (5) Compliance with international standards, (6) Corporate prequalification, (7) Insurance and performance bonds, and (8) Royalties, taxes and fees. These principles are followed by a discussion of No-Go Zones to mining: why some types of sites should be off-limits to all mining. The Annex on Compensatory Offsets suggests that, on occasion, there may be exceptions to a No-Go Zone.
File Land and Conflict: A Key Issues Lessons Learned Program Options Resources by webadmin — last modified Jan 10, 2013 12:10 PM
The purpose of this toolkit is to provide a practical introduction to the relationship between land and violent conflict. The relationship is stark, whether we are talking about how land issues function as causal or aggravating factors in conflict, or whether we are thinking about land-related issues that arise in post-conflict settings. The toolkit is also designed to familiarize practitioners with a range of relevant programmatic interventions and to sensitize officers to the fact that development activities, including non-land related interventions, such as infrastructure projects and the exploitation of underground resources, can inadvertently cause land conflicts to erupt. As with many issues addressed in this series, land issues are a general development concern from the perspective of economic growth, governance, and the environment. However, land is also a critical 'prize' in many local and national power struggles, and any development initiative needs to be aware of this fact. The lead authors have therefore attempted to inspire creative thinking and encourage short-term action around land related conflicts, as well as capture the relevance of land to long-term development issues. The toolkit emphasizes the critical point that land issues must be approached systematically and that, in many contexts, sequencing and process are critical not only to the sustainability of programs but also to broader issues of stability. In that regard, this document also addresses 'doing no harm' and land-related programming.
File Green and Black in Rural Cameroon: natural Resources for local governance, justice and sustainability by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 10, 2013 11:28 AM
Environmental Governance in Africca: Green and Black in Rural Cameroon: natural Resources for local governance, justice and sustainability
File Human Rights Dialogue: "Environmental Rights" by Carmen Tedesco — last modified Jan 10, 2013 11:40 AM
Although both human rights protection and environmental protection are relatively well-developed areas of public policy, recognition of the linkage between the two has been slow to develop. As activists, scholars, and policy practitioners have increasingly encountered situations at the intersection of these two areas, calls for the protection of environmental rights have intensified. In 1994 the United Nations Sub-commission on the Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities issued an extensive report on human rights and the environment, prepared by Special Rapporteur Fatma Zohra Ksentini and accompanied by a Draft Declaration of Principles, claiming the interdependence and indivisibility of human rights, an ecologically sound environment, sustainable development, and peace. Since then, the U.N. Human Rights Commission has received a series of reports from Ms. Ksentini on the narrower topic of the impact of toxic and dangerous products and wastes on human rights. In addition, regional and international tribunals have allowed victims to bring cases based on rights violations caused by environmental harm, and some national tribunals have accepted suits claiming violations of a right to a healthy environment. Despite these developments, no binding international agreement has had environmental rights as its primary focus. In addition, the issue continues to suffer from inattention due to the fact that it fails to fit neatly within the agenda of either the human rights movement or the environmental movement. Few international human rights organizations have programs devoted to this set of rights; likewise, movements focused on protecting the environment do not generally have as their aim the more human-centered goals of environmental rights, which commonly include social justice issues such as the disproportionate suffering of poor, indigenous, and minority communities from toxic industrial activity. Even the environmental justice movement in the United States predominantly limits its scope to situations occurring within the nation’s borders. For the past four years, Human Rights Dialogue has focused on the obstacles to greater popular legitimacy of the international human rights framework -- and highlighted innovative ways in which such obstacles have been overcome in specific contexts around the world. We continue this theme in this issue through the exploration of the development of the concept of environmental rights as a response to real-world needs. The essays here collectively explore the definition, status, and relevance of the concept of environmental rights in law and politics around the world, and the extent to which a human rights lens is a helpful way in which to view environmental issues. We have organized the issue around four sub-themes: the inseparability of human rights and environmentalism; conflicts between human rights and environmental goals; the relationship between the concept and application of environmental justice and of human rights; and the enforceability of environmental rights. While many of the essays fit within the scope of more than one section, it is hoped that such a framework will allow the implications of the various case histories to emerge more clearly. In addition, commentaries by Barbara Rose Johnston, Joanne Bauer, Jeffery Atik, and Betsy Apple are designed to draw out the implications of the essays within each section and suggest ways for improving progress toward the protection both of human beings and the natural world.
File A Place in the World: A Review of the Global Debate on Tenure Security by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 11, 2013 01:24 PM
Reference materials for the WWF workshop entitled, "Land Tenure, Resource Rights and Conservation: Experience, Issues and Approaches for Scaling Up" held in Washington, DC on May 10 & 11, 2007
File USAID Biodiversity Conservation and Forestry Programs 2014 Report: Fiscal Year 2013 Results and Funding PDF by Portal Web Editor — last modified Nov 06, 2017 05:39 PM
This report fulfills the requirement for an annual report on implementation of Section 118 of the Foreign Assistance Act (FAA), on Tropical Forests, while communicating support for Section 119, on Endangered Species, by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID).
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