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Ag and Rural Development Smart List

by Jean Brennan last modified Jan 10, 2013 09:06 AM
This smart list searched for the text "agriculture" or "rural development" appears.
File Green Highways Consortium USAID Semi-Annual Report 2005 by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jun 10, 2014 10:09 PM
During the last semester, the Green Highways Consortium aimed to attract new partnerships and collaborations, while strengthening the initiatives among its members, the interaction with social groups, organizations and movements involved in the project’s development and the participation in the government decisions. The participation of Consortium members in national and international debates has been very significant to widely inform about the Consortium experiences and information - based on its research and projects results and local initiatives -aiming to encourage the adoption of public policies at national and international levels towards sustainable development and tropical forest conservation in developing countries. For example, IPAM´s participation as an invited member of the Brazilian Forum on Climate Change, as well as its participation in international and national conferences, has presented its new proposal regarding to compensate reduction of tropical deforestation as a mechanism to address the carbon emissions from tropical deforestation (Brazil is the most important emitter of C from deforestation). Also, IPAM, TNC, ISA and FVPP are promoting the study of feasibility of carbon sequestration by agroforestry projects in the Transamazônica Highway and in the Xingu River Basin, attending the opportunities opened by MDL mechanism to promote small scale carbon sequestration projects. Furthermore, Consortium representatives from IPAM have presented its Biodiversity Scenarios Model to the Ministry of Environment, which might apply it to an 8-million ha forest area along BR163 under federal intervention. Such model can show which priority areas are to be protected by environmental laws and which species would be threatened with the loss of the forest cover in some specific regions. As important as the actions described above are the local and regional initiatives that have demonstrated many possible ways to promote social and environmental sustainable development. IFT and FVPP, for example, has worked together disseminating forest management techniques and practices for logging industry staff, among other stakeholders. Giving tools for the logging industry to change its behavior and collaborating in public policies discussions regarding this economic sector, IFT and FVPP aim to comply with the one of the Consortium first goals regarding the increase of areas supported by sustainable management plan. ISA has focused its activities on the increase of landscapes with regional participatory plan for conservation and sustainable use of natural resources in the Xingu headwaters. Also, it has strengthened grassroots organizations and enabled in the elaboration of projects by themselves as a mean to reach these goals. In this sense, ISA, FVPP, IPAM, Social Movements, GTA and rural and indigenous representatives have promoted events to discuss the BR 163 Sustainable Plan and other issues, increasing the possibility of local communities’ socio-economic and environmental rights being contemplated by public policies to be adopted by the government. In addition, the Consortium activities developed by the leadership of Proteger/GTA are essential in dealing with the involvement of local people and organizations. Proteger/GTA has a significant participation in the Consortium through the dissemination of information; discussions and awareness among small producers from Amazonian rural communities, and by doing so allow their effective participation in public policy debates, in devising and executing projects which deal with life improvement issues, while promoting the environmental conservation. The Consortium has a strong point which is the dialogue continually established with governmental and non-governmental institutions, aiming to spread out and strengthen its projects and activities. Cooperation agreements and dialogues were established in the last semester with Embrapa, Federação das Organizações e Comunidades Tradicionais from Tapajós FLONA (National Forest), the Technical Forest Chamber (IBAMA, RIMISP, IDRC, CE, IMAFLORA, CIRAD, SEBRAE), as well with representatives of other Latin American countries (MAP region).
File Forestry in Asia: U.S. AID’s experience by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 10, 2013 09:10 AM
This USAID critical review examines early AID rural development and forestry programs in Asian countries, including India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Philippines, and Indonesia. Institutional, technical, community participation, and design issues are highlighted for each country. USAID-sponsored forestry programs have resulted in significant improvement of forestry and natural resource management institutions. Policy reforms have hindered the establishment of community woodlots and managed forests, however, and often field objectives were not met, partly due to high expectations. The author notes that institutional problems persist, notably: agriculture and forestry agencies showed little cooperation and forestry institutions have not adequately managed funds and field activities. The author suggests giving more attention to early phases of projects and decentralizing project management. Technical problems are also common: inadequate attention has been paid to people's needs or site conditions when choosing incentive programs, woodlot locations, and tree species. Accessible markets for tree products are needed, as are new supplies of seeds and seedlings. Monocultures of exotic species are often introduced, bringing biological and economic risks. The author suggests that project goals should be streamlined, realistic, and in tune with community needs. Project evaluation needs improvement to be effective sources of information. Although not foolproof, land use certification and tenure can improve sustainable management efforts as exemplified by Thailand and the Philippines. The author recommends an analysis of forestry extensions in Asia, more investment in applied research, greater interagency cooperation, further natural resource policy development within governments, a phased approach to project implementation, greater input from ecologists and social scientists, and more emphasis on tree product marketing.
INTRODUCTION During the past three decades, Indonesia’s forest lands have been mapped, classified, and utilized to meet increasing demands for commercial exploitation, watershed protection, recreation, and biodiversity conservation. Throughout the archipelago, previously isolated forest areas have been opened up through rapid development of roads and the extension of government administrative units. Shifting demographic and economic trends have hastened the pace of change and the interest in these forest areas, intensifying resource management conflicts. Rural communities living in and around these protected areas have been gradually marginalized from decision-making processes and disenfranchised from important forest resources.
Value chain analysis : mapping maize, sunflower and cotton chains -- final report by Pelrine, Richard John — last modified Jan 10, 2013 11:05 AM
Introduction USAID/Uganda’s 2002-2008 strategy calls for expanded sustainable economic opportunities for rural growth, promoting a connection between productive strategies by the private sector in rural areas and expansion of financial services. Rural SPEED (Savings Promotion & Enhancement of Enterprise Development) was designed to help meet this goal. Rural SPEED’s objective is to deepen and strengthen Uganda’s financial sector in response to demand for financial services in the rural economy. Increased availability of financial services would result in the growth necessary to achieve the goals of GoU’s Poverty Eradication Action Plan. Rural SPEED is engaged in four key activity areas: 1) savings mobilisation; 2) service delivery mechanisms; 3) agriculture finance; 4) new product development. This report is concerned with agricultural finance. In spite of agriculture’s being the main occupation of the majority of Ugandans and a principal engine of potential rural growth (services are also important), rural areas, and farming in particular, are not well-served by the financial sector. Currently agricultural credit accounts for less than ten percent of the total formal financial institutions’ loan portfolio. Agriculture finance has largely remained a poorly understood concept within the financial institutions. Furthermore, few actors in the financial sector realize that the full scope of agricultural finance extends beyond production to include, input supply, post harvest processing, transport, packaging, marketing, etc. Further even when considering production alone, there has been remarkable improvement in agricultural sectors, notably cotton, grains and oil seeds, over the past decade. This progress has been catalyzed by adoption of new technologies by the farmers through the past and on-going technical assistance support by development projects, improved market linkages, infrastructural improvements and better access to inputs. However, both regulated and self-regulated financial institutions largely continue to maintain the view that agriculture is risky and are thus reluctant to venture into, or reintroduce, agriculture finance products in their portfolios. This knowledge gap is largely perpetuated by the inadequate exposure to the costs and risks embedded at different points in the value chain of the agricultural commodities. Also, these institutions lack appropriate tools and mechanisms to adequately assess, mitigate and manage agriculture finance risks. With these tools agricultural finance may well become attractive, viable and sustainable. ...
Submitted to: USAID/Bogotá Submitted by the Chemonics consortia of: Prime International Inc. Crimson Capitol Corporación Nacional de Investigación y Fomento Forestal (CONIF) World Wildlife Fund, Forest Resource Marketing Inc., Rainforest Alliance, Renewable Resource Associates July 29, 2004 On August 11, 2003, USAID/Colombia awarded the Colombia Forestry Development Program (CFDP) to Chemonics International Inc. The CFDP forms part of USAID/Colombia’s Strategic Objective No. 2, “Promote Economic and Social Alternatives to Illicit Crop Production”. Its objectives are increased rural employment and income, improved technical capacity of participants in production chains for wood products, increased forest area under sustainable management, increased value of standing timber and returns to rural communities, and a more competitive Colombian forestry and wood products sector. The CFDP works in four forest clusters, located in the Pacific Coast of Nariño and Cauca, Bajo Atrato/Urabá, Bajo Magdalena, and Northeastern Antioquia regions. USAID/Colombia selected these regions because they contain forest resources, illicit crops, and potential markets for forest products. The program has a projected life of 36 months and a budget of US$22.7 million. The EA describes the geographic areas where project activities are to take place. It defines a program for strengthening of local institutions in environmental compliance issues and budgets for the implementation of the EP. The EA Team consisted of Team Leader Bruce Kernan, Forestry Specialist Jorge Arias, and Institutional Specialist Jaime Ospina. John Nittler of Chemonics International finalized the EA making substantial edits and modifications.
Agriculture, Rural Development, and Pro-poor Growth: Country Experiences in the Post-reform Era by Stanzin Tonyot — last modified Jan 10, 2013 10:59 AM
This paper reviews the contribution of agriculture and rural development to pro-poor growth by examining the experience of 12 countries as documented in case studies commissioned for a multi-donor project on Operationalizing Pro-Poor Growth. The countries fell into three distinct regional groupings based on national statistics on the importance of agriculture and relative land and labor productivities: five are in Africa (Burkina Faso, Ghana, Senegal, Uganda, Zambia), four in Asia (Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, and Vietnam), and three in Latin America (Bolivia, Brazil, and El Salvador). Published by the World Bank in 2005.
Wold Bank Agricultural and Rural Development by Stanzin Tonyot — last modified Jan 10, 2013 10:00 AM
In collaboration with colleagues in Environment and Social Development and across the Bank, agriculture and rural development (ARD) works to reduce poverty through sustainable rural development. To this end, ARD provides analytical and advisory services to the Bank's regions on a wide range of agriculture and rural development topics. These services include the preparation and implementation of the World Bank's corporate strategy on rural development, monitoring of the Bank's portfolio of agriculture and rural projects, and promoting knowledge sharing among agriculture and rural development practitioners, inside and outside the Bank, in order to continually improve the Bank's activities in rural areas.
The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) by Stanzin Tonyot — last modified Jan 10, 2013 12:00 PM
The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), a specialized agency of the United Nations, was established as an international financial institution in 1977 as one of the major outcomes of the 1974 World Food Conference. IFAD is dedicated to eradicating rural poverty in developing countries. Seventy-five per cent of the world's poorest people - 800 million women, children and men - live in rural areas and depend on agriculture and related activities for their livelihoods. Working with rural poor people, governments, donors, non-governmental organizations and many other partners, IFAD focuses on country-specific solutions, which can involve increasing rural poor peoples' access to financial services, markets, technology, land and other natural resources.
Agriculture and Natural Resources Management Research Priorities Desktop Review by Stanzin Tonyot — last modified Jan 10, 2013 10:59 AM
This draft report gives a partial overview of current thinking by key donors, universities, and research organizations on development and research priorities in agricultural and natural resource management. It is intended to assist the USAID Offices of Agriculture and Natural Resources in identifying which priority topics would warrant their support in order to achieve the greatest impact on smallholder-oriented growth and rural development. The first application of this report will be to help USAID identify Collaborative Research Support Program (CRSP) priorities as four of the current CRSPs are coming to an end in FY 2006. Stakeholder comments on this draft document are welcome.”
Ag and Rural Development Smart List by Jean Brennan — last modified Jan 10, 2013 09:06 AM
This smart list searched for the text "agriculture" or "rural development" appears.
Natural Resources Forum: Call for Papers by Rose Hessmiller — last modified Jan 10, 2013 11:52 AM
Call for Papers for a Special Series on Agriculture, Rural Development, Land Drought, Desertification and Africa
Measuring Impacts of HIV-AIDS on Rural Livelihoods and Food Security by webadmin — last modified Jan 10, 2013 09:47 AM
The main purpose of this paper is to examine general patterns of the impacts of HIV/AIDS on rural livelihood assets and to propose a set of indicators to measure these impacts. A related objective is to identify indicators for evaluating the effectiveness of mitigation efforts. The paper builds on previous work done by FAO on the linkages between the HIV/AIDS epidemic, agriculture, food security and rural development. The paper was developed by C. Shannon Stokes while a Visiting Scientist at FAO (presently Professor of Rural Sociology, Pennsylvania State University), in close collaboration with staff of the FAO Population and Development Service. We hope the paper will stimulate innovative thinking and inspire new interventions to effectively counteract the impacts of HIV/AIDS on rural livelihoods.
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