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by Rose Hessmiller last modified Jan 10, 2013 07:42 AM
File Acting on the Call: Ending Preventable Child and Maternal Deaths PDF by Portal Web Editor — last modified Sep 29, 2015 02:24 AM
At an event on June 25, 2014, USAID unveiled an action plan "Acting on the Call: Ending Preventable Child and Maternal Deaths" to save the lives of 15 million children and nearly 600,000 women by 2020 - a milestone in President Obama's goal to join the world in ending extreme poverty, hunger and child death in the next two decades. The action plan delineates how 24 priority countries will dramatically accelerate progress in maternal and child survival.
File Investing in Tomorrow's Forests: Toward an action agenda for revitalizing forestry in West Africa by Shreya Mehta — last modified Jan 10, 2013 07:32 AM
Tomorrow's forests—dynamic, economic, integrated, diverse and shared—are emerging across the West African landscape today. Investing in tomorrow’s forests offers a pathway to alleviating poverty, improving governance, empowering local communities, securing sustainable development and enhancing the well-being of Africa’s people.
File Forests, Poverty and equity in Africa: new perspectives on policy and practice by Shreya Mehta — last modified Jan 10, 2013 07:32 AM
This paper places forestry in the larger context of rural development and therefore in the current debates on poverty and inequality. While Africa has high levels of natural and human capital it is the poorest and most unequal region in the world. In order for natural assets to contribute to environmental, economic and empowerment outcomes four principle interlinked changes are needed: 1) Improve the recognition of the fundamental role of natural resources in economic growth of poor countries and poor populations and in the development of democracies and good governance; 2) Better distribute resource rights, both property and procedural, giving the poor greater security, access and control; 3) Develop and implement frameworks, regulations and enforcement to assure that natural resource markets work for the poor; 4) Redefine the role of science and technology, and associated planning and institutions.
File Comparative Costs of Transport:The Northern Tier Countries of the Greater Horn of Africa by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jun 14, 2013 03:59 PM
SD Publication Series, Office of Sustainable Development, Bureau for Africa, Technical Paper No. 60, July 1997.
File DRAFT - Lake Naivasha Basin Integrated Management Plan: 2012-2022 by Portal Web Editor — last modified May 20, 2014 02:15 AM
This plan offers an integrated, equitable and coordinated approach to resource management within the Lake Basin. The objective of the Integrated Management Plan is to serve primarily as a guideline for integrated and proactive ecosystem-based approach to the planning, management and monitoring of developments within the basin; seeking equitable, efficient and environmentally sound solutions for the benefit of the entire community with the basin.
Educator-Practitioner Networks in DRS/M by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 10, 2013 09:09 AM
File Promoting Farm Investment for Sustainable Intensification of African Agriculture: Final Report by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jun 17, 2013 01:29 AM
SD Publication Series, Office of Sustainable Development, Bureau for Africa. Technical Paper No. 26, August 1996.
File Promoting Food Security in Rwanda Through Sustainable Agricultural Productivity: Meeting the Challenges of Population Pressure, Land Degradation, and Proverty by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jun 16, 2013 08:34 PM
SD Publication Series, Office of Sustainable Development, Bureau for Africa. Technical Paper No. 28, July 1996.
File Vulnerability to Climate Change in Mexican Arid Regions: The case of Sinaloa by Viviana Barquero — last modified Jan 10, 2013 08:44 AM
A brief analysis of Mexico's vulnerability by the assessment of Sinaloa's livelihood system.
File The Cost of Adapting to Climate Change in Ethiopia: Sector - Wise and Macro - E conomic Estimates by Portal Web Editor — last modified Sep 04, 2013 03:41 PM
This paper uses spatially-explicit analyses of climate change effects on selected key sectors of Ethiopia’s economy to estimate both sector-wise and economy wide estimates of impacts and adaptation costs. Using four IPCC-vetted Global Circulation Models (GCMs) to bracket the uncertainty surrounding future climate outcomes, the paper finds that by 2050 climate change could cause GDP to be 8–10 percent smaller than under a no-climate change baseline; it could induce a two-fold increase in variability of growth in agriculture; and it would affect more severely the poor and certain parts of the country.
File Conservation Enterprises: Using a Theory of Change Approach to Examine Evidence for Biodiversity Conservation by Sue Hoye — last modified Sep 05, 2019 11:41 PM
In this brief, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Bureau for Economic Growth, Education, and Environment (E3) Office of Forestry and Biodiversity (FAB) Measuring Impact (MI) project examined the evidence presented in the studies included in Roe et al.’s systematic review of alternative livelihood activites. MI examined the evidence in these studies relative to the assumptions in the theory of change described for conservation enterprises. Key findings include the following: 1) None of the assessments of activities supporting conservation enterprises were designed with a clear theory of change making it difficult to relate some of the outcomes that were measured to the assumptions underlying the strategic approach; 2) Most established enterprises generated economic benefits; 3) Economic benefits co-occurred with positive changes in behavior only about half the time; and 4) There was virtually no assessment of whether changes in behavior led to threat reduction.
File Evaluating Linkages Between Business, the Environment, and Local Communities Final Analytical Results from the Biodiversity Conservation Network by Sue Hoye — last modified Sep 05, 2019 11:42 PM
This paper presents the core analysis of linkages between business environment and the local communities. It indicates that: A) An enterprise strategy can lead to conservation but only under limited conditions; B) Adaptive management at both project and program levels is needed to determine how to optimally use an enterprise strategy. Finally it concludes that education and awareness play an important role in community participation in the enterprise with conservation.
File Nature, Wealth, Power 2.0: Leveraging Natural and Social Capital for Resilient Development by Sue Hoye — last modified Sep 05, 2019 11:42 PM
This volume is a sequel to the original Nature, Wealth, & Power framework paper (NWP1), produced in 2002. That document, although focused on rural Africa, was found useful by a variety of development practitioners around the world, and elicited significant interest from different disciplines and regions from both practical and theoretical perspectives. The world context has changed since 2002, and development theory and practice have also evolved. Therefore, in 2012, USAID initiated an assessment and updating of the NWP framework. This second framework paper (NWP2) is targeted at practitioners involved in the design, implementation, and evaluation of natural resource–based rural development activities around the world, trying to make them more equitable, efficient, and effective. We also hope it will be useful to policy makers who are designing policies, laws, and administrative instruments to spur rural development. It does not claim to be a sure-fire recipe for success, but is an updated framework compiled from and consisting of best practices. Featured January, 2014.
File Sustainable Livelihoods Enhancement and Diversification (SLED): A Manual for Practitioners by Sue Hoye — last modified Sep 05, 2019 11:42 PM
File Systematic Approaches to Livelihoods Enhancement and Diversification: A Review of Global Experiences by Sue Hoye — last modified Sep 05, 2019 11:42 PM
File Community Action to Conserve Biodiversity: Linking Biodiversity Conservation with Poverty Reduction by Sue Hoye — last modified Sep 05, 2019 11:42 PM
File Conservation Enterprise: What Works, Where and for Whom? by Sue Hoye — last modified Sep 05, 2019 11:42 PM
File Alternative Sustainable Livelihoods for Coastal Communities: A Review of Experience and Guide to Best Practice by Sue Hoye — last modified Sep 05, 2019 11:43 PM
File Enterprise Strategies for Coastal and Marine Conservation: Review of Best Practices and Lessons Learned by Sue Hoye — last modified Sep 05, 2019 11:43 PM
File Conservation and Law Enforcement in Gorongosa and Niassa: A Study of the Criminal Justice Process for Wildlife Crime, from Apprehension to Incarceration by Gateway Web Editor — last modified Oct 09, 2019 12:31 PM
In July 2019, USAID/Mozambique released a comprehensive study of the wildlife criminal justice process in Mozambique and identified key areas for improvement. Successful enforcement of wildlife trafficking laws requires apprehending perpetrators and shepherding them through the criminal justice system. This study, Conservation & Enforcement in Gorongosa & Niassa: A Study of the Criminal Justice Process for Wildlife Crime from Apprehension to Incarceration, was undertaken to answer a key learning question pertaining to wildlife trafficking in Mozambique: Under what conditions does increased detection of environmental crimes lead to prosecution and punishment? To answer this question, the Mozambique Monitoring and Evaluation Mechanisms and Services team conducted interviews to map Mozambique’s criminal justice system. The team compared the ideal legal pathway that wildlife criminals should follow with the steps taken in reality and used discrepancies to highlight areas for strengthening the system.
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