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The case of Duru-Haitemba community-based forest management project in Babati District, Arusha Region, Tanzania

by Portal Web Editor last modified Jan 10, 2013 09:10 AM
Contributors: International Resources Group, Ltd.

This report assesses the progress made by the first community-based forest management (CBFM) regime in Tanzania, in the Duru-Haitemba forests (DHF) in Babati District, Arusha Region. The DHF is one of the few remaining miombo woodlands in the Babati District, a series of linked ridges of high woodland characterized by open canopy trees of medium height, and interspersed with grassland. By 1995, all 9,000ha of the DHF was under the management of eight registered villages.The CBFM process coincided with significant changes in Tanzania's land policy for the devolution of tenure and resource rights to local levels. The Land Policy (1995), the Land Act (1999) and the Village Land Act (1999) recognized customary land rights as equivalent to more formal based tenure systems and provided mechanisms through which villages may earmark areas for forest management and manage the land as a cooperative. The villages, through their respective village governments (VFG), are the institutional managers of the DHF.Among the many problems listed by the authors as major constraints to the CBFM program in DHF, the following were most pressing: Confusion in jurisdiction over resource access and weak coordination among the different sectors of statutory governance, leading to interagency friction; Poor flow of information among programs, district and villages; Over extended and inadequately trained district experts; Community efforts are frequently undermined by attacks on their capability by doubtful District officials, foresters and academics; VFG, tiring of voluntary work, are becoming less efficient and even guilty of illegal harvesting; Women are left out of CBFM benefits as traditionally, women do not own land or cannot claim rights to trees; Issues of financial accountability and transparency in money matters; Low use-value of the forest and illegal harvesting; Considerable land demand/shortage.

Author(s): International Resources Group, Ltd.

Publication Date: 2000

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